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How White Nationalists See What They Want to See in DNA Tests

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What happens when white supremacists on the hate site Stormfront learn that they’re not as white as they thought? Two researchers investigated.


Depression Reduction Among Acupuncture Patients in an Interprofessional Study

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Research on Social Work Practice, Ahead of Print.
Purpose:Acupuncture as a sole treatment was tested for patients with depressive symptoms when seeking treatment in an interprofessional project. This study aims to test the relative effects of depression-specific acupuncture treatment (DSAT) versus nondepression-specific acupuncture treatment (Non-DSAT) on depression scores of patients seeking acupuncture care.Method:In this chart-review quasi-experimental study, former patient charts were randomly selected from a 3-year record at two college-operated acupuncture clinics in Houston. Among them, 62 charts contained depression data measured by the Hopkins Symptoms Checklist-25 (HSCL-25).Results:Data show that 39 patients received DSAT and 23 patients received Non-DSAT, but none of them indicated depression as a reason for treatment. After treatment, although the prevalence rate was lower, the average depression score was higher in both groups. Further analysis with the mixed between-within-subjects analysis of variance showed insignificant group interactive effects on the depression score change.Discussion:Depression outcomes between the two groups were not conclusive. Acupuncture as a depression treatment method should be further tested with a longitudinal research design focusing on patients with depressive symptoms. The role of social workers is essential so that depression screening can be accurately conducted.


A Tablet-Based Volunteer-Mediated Intervention for Cognitively Impaired Older People: A Pretest–Posttest

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Research on Social Work Practice, Ahead of Print.
Purpose:This study evaluated the potential effectiveness of a tablet-based, volunteer-led intervention (Lok Chi In-home Training) for cognitively impaired older people in improving cognitive and emotional health.Method:A one-group pretest and posttest design was adopted, involving 57 community-dwelling older people with cognitive impairments (Montreal Cognitive Score between 13 and 22, without neuropsychiatric behavioral problem). Trained volunteers performed eight in-home training sessions using a tablet to facilitate. Outcome measures include cognitive function, depression, activity of daily living, and instrumental activity of daily living.Results:A paired sample t test indicated that after receiving Lok Chi In-home Training, participants showed significantly large improvements on cognitive ability, moderate improvements on depression, and small improvements on instrumental activity of daily living.Conclusions:This study demonstrated the feasibility and potential benefits of Lok Chi intervention for improving cognition and emotion.


Outcomes of Expanded Cognitive Stimulation Therapy Group for Mild-Stage Dementia: Four-Month Follow-Up

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Research on Social Work Practice, Ahead of Print.
Purposes:This research aims to report the results of a 4-month follow-up study of an expanded cognitive stimulation therapy (CST) group that combines CST and Tai Chi on improving the cognitive abilities of community-dwelling Chinese elderly with mild-stage dementia (EwMD).Methods:Two-group pretest–posttest design was adopted in this study, involving 101 Chinese community-dwelling EwMD who had completed an expanded CST group conducted at a local elderly center. Cognitive abilities of the EwMD were assessed by standardized assessment tools at pretreatment (T1), posttreatment (T2), and the 4-month point after completion of treatment (T3).Results:The repeated-measures analysis of variance showed that after completing the expanded CST group, the improved cognitive abilities of participants could be maintained up to 4 months after the completion of treatment.Conclusions:This study demonstrated that treatment effects of the expanded CST group could be maintained up to 4 months after completion of treatment.


Rethinking Social Justice: A Contemporary Challenge for Social Good

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Research on Social Work Practice, Ahead of Print.
Social justice’s special relationship with the social work profession has recently been confirmed by new definitions of social good that identify the promotion of social justice as a primary goal of social work research and practice. This contemporary use of the ideas and ideals of social justice creates an opportunity to reexamine it in the context of modern societies and postmodern knowledge. This article presents four steps for reassessing existing definitions of social justice, as reflected by three cases documented by international institutions that define themselves as promoters of social justice. Through this reassessment, this article seeks to contribute to the regeneration and advancement of interdisciplinary debate over the contents and nature of social justice, under the presumption that any effort toward social good aimed at enhancing social justice should first identify or discuss to what sort of social justice it aspires.